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考研英语历年真题阅读要点之Text 1(二)

来源:文都教育2017-07-17 14:15:40

  各位同学,考研英语复习进度怎么样?为了心中的目标,一定要坚持哦!为了帮助各位同学更加有效地复习,小编为大家梳理历年考研英语真题阅读文章中涉及的要点,包括词汇、短语、长难句以及简单的阅读方法。接下来看一下考研英语真题阅读Text 1,这篇文章主要探讨了英国财政大臣提出的失业保障计划。

  Losing a job is hurting: you don’t skip down to the jobcentre ..., delighted at the prospect of doubling your income from the generous state. It is financially terrifying, psychologically embarrassing and you know that support is minimal and extraordinarily hard to get... you are now excluded from the work environment that offers purpose and structure in your life. Worse, the crucial income to feed yourself and your family and pay the bills has disappeared...

  hurting“受伤害的”;skip down to“蹦蹦跳跳地到某处”;be delighted at“因...而高兴”;prospect“前景”;double“加倍”;income“收入”;generous“慷慨的”;terrifying“令人恐惧的”;psychologically“心理上地”;embarrassing“令人尴尬的”;support“资助”;minimal“最低限度的”;extraordinarily“非常”;be excluded from“被...排除在外”;purpose“目标”;crucial“重要的”;feed“供给”;pay the bill“付账单”。

  But in Osborneland, your first instinct is to fall into dependency -- permanent dependency ... -- supported by a state only too ready to indulge your falsehood. It is as though 20 years of ever-tougher reforms ... The principle of British welfare is no longer that you can insure yourself against the risk of unemployment and receive unconditional payments if the disaster happens.

  instinct“本能”;permanent“永久的”;be ready to do可以理解为“乐意做某事”;falsehood“错误的信仰”;as though“好像,仿佛”;ever-tougher“日益艰难的”;principle“原则”;welfare“福利”;insure oneself against“给自己投保以防,使自己免于”;risk“风险”,take risk“冒险”,take the risk of doing“冒险做某事”;unemployment“失业”;unconditional“无条件的”;disaster“灾难”。

  Even the very phrase ... who had no mandatory right to a benefit he or she has earned through making national insurance contributions. Instead, the claimant receives a time-limited “allowance,” conditional on actively seeking a job; no entitlement and no insurance ...

  phrase“短语”;allowance“补贴”;mandatory“强制性的”;right“权利”;make national insurance contributions“缴纳国民保险税”;time-limited“有时间限制的”;be conditional on“在...条件下”;actively“积极地”;entitlement可以指“权利”。

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