高考英语考点:人称代词的四个备考盲点

2017-08-05 09:20:39 来源:精品学习网

  "高考英语考点:人称代词的四个备考盲点"一文由育路编辑整理,更多精选内容请关注育路网!

  许多同学认为,人称代词是一个很简单的语法考点,高考一般不会设题,或者认为,即使设题也不会有什么难度。其实这是一个认识的误区,请看看这道题:

  To save class time, our teacher has _______ students do half of the exercises in class and complete the other half for our homework.

  A. us B. we C. our D. ours

  此题答案选A,你会认为这道题很容易吗?估计不少学生会做错。下面我们为同学们归纳几个人称代词的备考盲点,希望引起同学们的注意。

  ■盲点一 忽略人称代词后接名词作同位语的用法

  1. It’s necessary for _______ students to be constantly reminded of our shortcomings.

  A. us B. we C. our D. ours

  答案选A。students为代词us的同位语,us students的意思是“我们学生”,由于是用作介词for的宾语,所以要用宾语。全句意为:有必要让人经常给我们学生提醒我们的缺点。

  2. The boss wants _______ girls to go to the airport to pick up the company’s guests.

  A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

  答案选A。girls为代词you的同位语,you girls的意思是“你们女孩子”,由于是用作动词wants的宾语,所以要用宾语。全句意为:老板要你们女孩子去机场接公司的客人。

  ■盲点二 忽略人称代词在口语中的特殊用法和固定表达

  口语中表示“我也一样”时,可用me too;表示“我也一样不……”时,可用me either或me neither。如:

  —I’d like to go back in here. 我想回到这里来。

  —Me too. 我也想。

  —I don’t like horror movies. 我不喜欢恐怖片。

  —Me neither. 我也不喜欢。

  —I don’t have any money right now. 我现在没有一分钱。

  —Me either. 我也一样。

  类似地,若要表示“我们也一样”,则可用us too。如:

  —I’m glad it’s Friday. 我很高兴今天是星期五。

  —Us too! 我们也高兴!

  请看下面一道题,答案选A:

  —I don’t feel like going out this evening.

  —Me neither.

  A. Me too B. Me also C. Me other D. Me neither.

  ■盲点三 忽略人称代词与名词性物主代词的细节区别

  从意义上看,名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词”,所以,同学们在分不清该用人称代词还是名词性物主代词时可以看看它是否可以根据上文分解成“形容词性物主代词+名词”。请看下面几道题:

  1. —Whose telephone rang?

  —________.

  A. Me was B. Me did C. Mine was D. Mine did

  答案选D。其中的mine指my telephone,did指rang。

  2. ________ a partnership based on mutual respect, trust and understanding.

  A. They were B. They being C. Theirs was D. Theirs being

  答案选C。其中的theirs相当于their partnership。句意为:他们的合作是建立在互相尊重、信任和理解基础上的。

  ■盲点四 忽略人称代词与关系代词的区别

  若同学们在一个考题中对于该用人称代词还是关系代词拿不定主意,则可以这样分析:若选关系代词,则它引导的一定是定语从句,那么它的前就肯定不可能有像and或but这样的并列连词,所以,若句子已经用了并列连词and或but,则不可能选用关系代词。如:

  1. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, ______ wanted to buy it. (2007安徽卷)

  A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom

  答案选D。由于前面提到的是两个人,故后面只能用表两者的both或neither,据此可排除A和C。由于空格前用的是逗号,且没有连词,故只不能选B,而要选D,因为neither of whom为非限制性定语从句,用以修饰two people。

  2. It is reported that two schools, ______ are being built in my hometown, will open next year. (2007四川卷)

  A. they both B. which both C. both of them D. both of which

  答案选D。both of which are being built in my hometown为非限制性定语从句,其中的which指代前面的two schools。

  比较:

  (1) He wrote a lot of novels, many of _____ were translated into foreign languages.

  A. it B. them C. which D. that

  (2) He wrote a lot of novels, and many of _____ were translated into foreign languages.

  A. it B. them C. which D. that

  这两个句子的不同之处在于,第二句多了一个并列连词and,所以第一句应选关系代词which,第二句应选人称代词them。

  (责任编辑:郭峰)

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