高考英语知识点:过去分词做状语

2017-08-05 09:18:06 来源:精品学习网

  "高考英语知识点:过去分词做状语"一文由育路编辑整理,更多精选内容请关注育路网!

  现在分词,又称-ing形式、现在进行式),是分词的一种,分词又分为现在分词和过去分词,它们都是非限定动词,即在句子里面不能单独充当谓语,精品小编准备了过去分词做状语知识点,希望你喜欢。

  Worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.

  Well-known for their expertise, his parents’ company …..

  Confused by the new surroundings, I was hit by the lack of fresh air.

  Exhausted, I slid into the bed and fell fast asleep.

  过去分词作状语:过去分词作状语时,说明动作发生的背景或情况,其等同于一个状语从句。vt 过去分词作状语时与主句主语构成被动关系,表示被动和完成,vi 过去分词表示状态或动作的完成。

  Heated , water changes into steam .

  The professor came in, followed by a group of young people .

  1 作原因状语,等于as / since / because 引导从句

  Moved by what she said ,we couldn’t help crying . = ( As we are moved by what she said …

  2 作时间状语,等于when 引导时间从句,如果分词表示的动作与谓语的动作同时发生,可在分词前加when/ while / until 等使时间意义更明确。

  When heated , water can be changed into steam .

  Seen from the hill ,the park looks very beautiful .= ( When the park is seen from the hill…

  3 作条件状语等于 if / whether 引导从句

  Given more attention , the cabbages could have grown better .= ( If they have been given more attention ….

  Compared with you , we still have a long way to go = ( If we are compared with you …

  4 作方式或伴随状语

  The actress came in , followed by her fans .

  She sat by the window , lost in thought .

  5 作让步状语

  Much tired ,he still kept on working .=(Although he was tired ,) he ….

  6 独立主格结构: 当分词的逻辑主语不是主句主语时,分词可以有自己独立的逻辑主语,这种结构称为独立主格结构。常用来表示伴随情况。

  The boy rushed into the classroom , his face covered with sweat .

  All things considered ,your article is of great value than hers .

  Rewrite with proper conjunctions

  Example : United we stand, divided we fall.

  If we are united, we will stand, but if we are divided,we will fall.

  1 Asked what had happened, he told us about it.

  →When he was asked what had happened, …

  2 Well known for his expert advice, he received many invitations to give lectures.

  →Because he was well known for his expert advice, …

  3 Given more time, we would be able to do the work much better.

  If we were given more time,

  4 Once translated into Chinese, the book became very popular among Chinese teenagers.

  Once it was translated into Chinese,

  5 Deeply interested in medicine, she decided to become a doctor.

  Because she was deeply interested in medicine,

  6 Left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all.

  Although he was left alone at home,

  现在分词与过去分词作状语

  现在分词作状语时,与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系,;而过去分词与其逻辑主语之间则表示被动关系。

  Seeing these pictures, I couldn’t help thinking of those days when I was in Beijing . Seen from the top of a thirty-storeyed building, Beijing looks more magnificent. (see)

  选择现在分词还是过去分词,关键看主句的主语。如分词的动作是主句的主语发出,分词就选用现在分词,反之就用过去分词。例如:

  Used for a long time, the book looks old.

  由于用了很长时间,这本书看上去很旧。

  (责任编辑:郭峰)

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