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09年英语专业八级人文知识精讲NO.40

作者:   发布时间:2009-03-31 10:23:07  来源:
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      __1__The Untied Kingdom is also known by its official name
  A the United Kingdom of Great Britain and England
  B the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  C the United Kingdom of British Isles
  D the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  __2__The National Health Service in Britain offers a full package of medical service to ___
  A the unemployed
  B every resident
  C citizens under the age of 16
  D residents aged over 60
  __3__was known for his famous speech “I have a dream”
  A John F. Kennedy
  B Martin Luther King. Jr
  C Abraham Lincoln
  D Thomas Jefferson
  __4__The year the colonization of Australia started is
  A 1768 B 1778 C1788 D1798
  __5__is NOT looked upon as one of the features of Renaissance.
  A Praise of man’s endeavor to have his soul delivered
  B Exaltation of man’s search for happiness in life
  C Endurance of man’s foibles
  D Cultivation of the genuine flavor of ancient culture
  __6__ is regarded as the most meaningful intellectual movement of the Renaissance.
  A The Italian revival
  B The Reformation
  C Geographical expansion
  D Humanism
  __7__Milton’s Paradise Lost was based on__
  A Roman myth
  B the Bible
  C Greek myth
  D Shakespeare’s plays
  __8__The study of the way in which sound symbols are arranged to form words is ___
  A psycholinguistics B historical literature C morphology D semantics
  __9__Which of the following is a CORRECT definition of a phone?
  A it is a phonological unit
  B It is a speech sound
  C it is an abstract sound feature
  D it is an actual realization of a phoneme
  __10__refers to a marginal language of few lexical items and simple grammatics rules, used as a medium of communication.
  A Creole
  B Lingua franca
  C Dialect
  D Pidgin
  Keys:1-5DBBCA
  6-10 DCCBD
  《失乐园》写于 1667 年,是弥尔顿最杰出的诗篇,全诗长约一万行,分 十二卷,故事取自《圣约·旧约》。诗人弥尔顿(Milton)经常在其诗歌中引用希腊罗马神话,如《失乐园》(尽管《失乐园》取材于圣经,但其中引用了大量神话典故)。
  叙述人类始祖夏娃和亚当因受撒旦引诱, 偷吃知识树上的禁里,违背了上帝旨令,被逐出乐园。诗人写这首诗的目的 在于说明人类不幸的根源。他认为人类由于理性不强,意志薄弱,经不起外界的影响和引诱,因而感情冲动,走错道路,丧失了乐园;夏娃的堕落是由 于盲目求知,妄想成神;亚当的堕落是由于溺爱妻子,感情用事;撒旦的堕 落是由于野心勃勃,骄傲自满。诗人通过他们的遭遇,暗示英国资产阶级革 命也由于道德堕落,骄奢淫逸而惨遭失败。
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