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改变智利

作者:   发布时间:2008-03-20 15:11:04  来源:
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  2005年到2006年,世界政坛上的三位女性令人瞩目。从德国首位女总理默克尔到利比里亚首位女总统埃伦·约翰逊—瑟利夫再到智利第一位女总统巴切莱特,失衡的权利天平似乎正在慢慢地恢复正常,甚至有媒体称,如果2008年美国大选中希拉里成功当选总统,那么世界将出现 “母仪天下”的景象。但不管怎样,在男权盛行的当今,女性主宰的出现也许能为全球的和平事业增添一抹亮色。
  
  Michelle Bachelet is poised to become the first woman president of one of Latin America’s most conservative countries.
  米歇尔·巴切莱特稳稳当当地成为了拉美最保守国家之一的首位女总统。
  
  
  The story could have come straight out of one of Gabriel Garcia Marquez′s novels of magical realism. But Michele Bachelet is no figure of any literary laureate's imagining. Three decades after being tortured by Chile's military, the 54-year-old Socialist has emerged as the clear favorite to win Sunday's election for the presidency of her country.
  
  这故事本该像完全出自加布里埃尔·加西亚·马尔克斯的一部魔幻现实主义小说。但米歇尔·巴切莱特与任何书面想象的戴着桂冠的形象并不符合。在经受了智利军方三十年的折磨之后,这位54岁的社会主义者以明显的优势在周日的选举(2006年1月15日选举揭晓)中赢得了总统宝座。
  
  A new poll shows that Bachelet has consolidated her significant lead over rightist billionaire Sebastian Pinera. The survey, released today by Market Opinion Research International (MORI), found that 45 percent of those polled said they would vote for Bachelet over her rival. If she wins, she would not only would make history as the first woman to lead her country, but would also send a strong message to a Latin America dominated by machismo and revenge—and one which is shifting steadily to the left.
  
  一项新的民意调查显示,巴切莱特的支持率已经遥遥领先于右派的亿万富翁塞巴斯蒂安·皮涅拉。此项由市场调研公司(MORI)发布的调查发现,45%的调查对象称他们将把票投给巴切莱特。如果她赢了,她不仅会创造历史,成为第一位领导该国的女性,而且还向被男性统治的拉美国家发出了强有力的讯息并成功复仇——该国家正在不断左倾。
  
  Bachelet's message is one of reconciliation. Although she says that she is still haunted by the physical and psychological pain of being "mistreated" during General Augusto Pinochet′s dictatorship, she has expressed pity toward her torturers who, she says, now carry a "bag of guilt" so heavy they cannot look her in the eyes. She realized this, she recalls, when she found herself face to face with one of her torturers in the elevator of her new apartment block several years ago. "I have tried to channel the pain into a constructive realm," Bachelet has said repeatedly.
  
  巴切莱特发出的讯息是某种和解。尽管她说在奥古斯托·皮诺切特将军独裁期间所受肉体及精神的折磨仍让她心有余悸,但她还是向折磨她的人表达了怜悯,她说那些人如今身负沉重的罪恶感以至于无法直视她的眼睛。她回忆说,几年前当她发现自己和一名拷打她的人在她新公寓楼的电梯内面对面时,她就意识到了这点。“我尝试把痛苦导入一个建设性的领域。”巴切莱特再三说道。
  
  Bachelet's personal history has helped to fuel her political popularity throughout the campaign. Her father, Alberto Bachelet, was an Air Force general who supported Salvador Allende's Socialist regime. He died of a heart attack in a prison camp where he had been tortured—one of approximately 3,000 Chileans who disappeared or were killed during the Pinochet years. Bachelet's boyfriend, Jamie Lopez, was also among the murdered. Bachelet—herself detained when she was a 23-year-old medical student—subsequently went with her mother into exile in Australia.
  
  巴切莱特的个人经历使得她在竞选中的政治声望倍增。她的父亲艾伯特·巴切莱特是一名支持萨尔瓦多·阿连德社会主义政权的空军上将。他在战俘集中营里由于受到拷打而心脏病发作致死,他是皮诺切特年代失踪或被杀的3000多名智利人之一。巴切莱特的男友杰米·洛佩兹也在被谋杀的人当中。而巴切莱特自己在她还是名23岁的医科学生时就曾被拘留——随后和她母亲一起流亡到澳大利亚。
  
  Five years later, Bachelet returned to Chile and started working as a clandestine human rights activist. Intrigued by her father's obsession with defense issues, she later decided to study this field in Washington as well as her native country.
  
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