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2007年全国硕士研究生考试英语真题及答案(1)

来源: 时间:2009-04-17 14:57:19

Section I Use of English


      Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, and D on ANSWER SHEET 1 (10 points)

      By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations. The roughly 20 million 1 of these nations looked 2 to the future. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism, many of the leaders of independence 3 the ideas of representative government, careers 4 to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the 5 to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society, 6 there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a 7 set of laws.

      On the issue of 8 of religion and the position of the church, 9 , there was less agreement 10 the leadership. Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one 11 by the Spanish crown, 12 most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism 13 the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the 14 of other faiths. The defense of the Church became a rallying 15 for the conservative forces.

      The ideals of the early leaders of independence were often egalitarian, valuing equality of everything. Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had 16 in return to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated. By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain's 17 colonies. Early promises to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much 18 because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies 19 Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population was 20 self-rule and democracy.


      1. [A] natives  [B] inhabitants  [C] peoples  [D] individuals


      2. [A] confusedly  [B] cheerfully  [C] worriedly  [D] hopefully


      3. [A] shared  [B] forgot  [C] attained  [D] rejected


      4. [A] related  [B] close  [C] open  [D] devoted


     5. [A] access  [B] succession  [C] right  [D] return


    6. [A] Presumably  [B] Incidentally  [C] Obviously  [D] Generally


    7. [A] unique  [B] common  [C] particular  [D] typical


     8. [A] freedom  [B] origin  [C] impact  [D] reform


     9. [A] therefore  [B] however  [C] indeed  [D] moreover

 
     10. [A] with  [B] about  [C] among  [D] by


     11. [A] allowed  [B] preached  [C] granted  [D] funded


      12. [A] Since  [B] If  [C] Unless  [D] While


       13. [A] as  [B] for  [C] under  [D] against


       14. [A] spread  [B] interference  [C] exclusion  [D] influence


       15. [A] support  [B] cry  [C] plea  [D] wish


      16. [A] urged  [B] intended  [C] expected  [D] promised


     17. [A] controlling  [B] former  [C] remaining  [D] original


    18. [A] slower  [B] faster  [C] easier  [D] tougher


    19. [A] created  [B] produced  [C] contributed  [D] preferred


    20. [A] puzzled by  [B] hostile to  [C] pessimistic about  [D] unprepared for

 


结束

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