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2012年成考专升本英语考试复习笔记(2)

2012-02-10 15:39:23 来源:育路教育网

  15. from(来自……)

  We've learnt a lot from our teacher.

  They are busy from morning to night.(from……to…… 从……到……)

  The letter is from your parents.

  I have been away from home for a long time.

  (be away from home 离开家)

  (be from 来自) I'm from China.

  The film we saw yesterday was different from the novel.

  (be different from 与……不同,differ from)

  The wine is made from the best grapes.

  make from 化学变化

  make of 物理变化 The desk is made of wood.

  make sth. up 由……组成

  Animal bodies are made up of cells.

  Society is made up of people of widely differing abilities.

  make with sth. 迅速拿出或提供某物

  Make with the beers, buster. 伙计,拿啤酒来。

  make for 为……做……

  She made coffee for all of us.

  Millions of people are suffering from the war.(suffer from 遭受)

  He is weak from lack of sleep. (lack of 缺乏)

  I disagree with them from the beginning.

  (disagree with 不同意 agree with 同意)

  I try to prevent them from doing the work, but in vain.

  (prevent sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事)

  (in vain 毫无作用,徒劳)

  The situation is getting from bad to worse.

  The guest is talking from beginning to the end.

  16. in(在……里)

  She was born in 1980.

  We'll be back in three days.

  ( He came back three days ago.)

  Do you work in the daytime or at night?

  We'll be back in no time. (in no time 立刻,马上)

  He is in his early thirties. (in one's thirties 三十多岁)

  He is always in a good mood.

  (in a good mood 情绪很好 in a bad mood 情绪很糟)

  I have no difficulty/ trouble in solving the problem.

  (no difficulty in doing sth. 没有困难)

  Did you have any difficulty in finding the hotel?

  Can you write in English?

  They have done it in a wrong way. (in a wrong way 错误的方式)

  They accepted the plan in principle. (in principle 原则上)

  17. into(进入)

  Let's go into the room.

  I worked far into the night.

  The house has been turned into a museum.(turn into 变成)

  We must put these theories into practice.

  They all burst into laughter. (burst into 爆发)

  At the news, my sister burst into tears.

  (burst into tears 放声大哭)

  I ran into my former classmate at the station. We haven't seen each other for a long time.

  (run into 偶然碰到,偶然遇到)

  18. like(像……)

  He likes its mother. 他喜欢他的母亲。

  The baby looks like its mother.

  It looks like snow.

  What's the weather like today?

  I don't feel like eating anything.

  What does it look(taste) like?

  19. of(……的)

  He is a friend of mine.

  Have you got the Complete Works of Lu Hsun?

  We're of the same opinion. (be of 赞同)

  Electricity is of great use in industry and everyday life.

  (be of use=be useful)

  Your help is of great value to us.

  (be of value=be valuable)

  I often think of the days we spent together. (think of 想起)

  I read it quite by chance in a magazine. (by chance 偶然)

  It's very kind of you to remind me of it.

  (It's very kind of sb.

  remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事)

  The picture reminds me of the time we spent together in Dalian.

  We're proud of our son. (be proud of 以……为骄傲)

  The little boy is afraid of dogs. (be afraid of 害怕)

  It's just waste of time.

  He is ashamed of his past. (be ashamed of 羞耻,惭愧)

  The village is short of water. (be short of 缺少)

  I do all these of my own will. (of one's own 出于某人的意愿)

  20. on(在……上)

  You hit the nail on the head. 你这话击中了要害。

  Put the book on the shelf, please.

  My mother was born on April 14, 1947.

  (哪一年用in,具体到某一天用on)

  He left Beijing for home on the morning of July 2.

  (in the morning ,具体到某一天的上午、下午、晚上用on )

  On the eve of their departure, they gave a farewell banquet.

  (on the eve of 在……前夕)

  We usually get up late on Sunday morning.

  On his return he told us about the meeting.

  They will go on a visit to Asia. (go on a visit=visit )

  He is here on business. (be on business 做生意)

  She is away on a trip. (on a trip 旅行)

  The workers at the airport is on strike. (be on strike 罢工)

  When we came back, we found our house on fire.

  (on fire 着火)

  The professor is making a speech on the current situation.(关于)

  This house is on sale. (on sale 出售)

  Who's on duty today?

  The girl insists on leaving home and depends on herself for a living.

  (insist on 坚持 depend on 依靠,依赖)

  21. out of(出于)

  Looking out of the window, I saw a girl turn round the corner.

  They came out of the room to welcome us.

  My brother has been out of the hospital for a week.

  (be out of the hospital 出院 be in hospital 住院)

  He did it out of gratitude for us.

  We helped the poor boy out of sympathy.

  Please get out of the way. 别挡道。

  All of us were out of breath when we got to the top of the mountain.

  (be out of breath 气喘吁吁)

  The coat is out of date. (be out of date 过时)

  My mother is out of work now. (be out of work 失业)

  22. since(自从)

  They have been close friends since childhood.(从儿童时期他们就是好朋友)

  We've always been on guard since then.(be on guard 警惕)

  I got to know him last year, and have been writing to each

  other since then.

  23. through(通过、穿过)

  There is a path through the garden.

  I've gone through the book.(go through 看过 浏览过)

  She must have been through a lot.(be through 受罪)

  We quickly saw through his trick.(see through 看穿)

  How soon will you be through? (be through 打电话)

  You're through now.你的电话接通了。

  He began to look through the album.(look through 翻阅)

  The couple went through many hardships.(go through 经历)

  She's ill all through September.

  24. to

  All roads lead to Rome.

  Did you go to the exhibition last week?

  We'll change the date to July 10.(to 到什么时间)

  Let's drink to your health.(drink to 为什么干杯)

  Don't leave things to the last moment.(to the last moment 到最后一刻)

  I must apologize to you.

  Happy Christmas! The same to you.

  You're awfully nice to me.

  Hainan lies to the south of Guangdong.(lie on, lie in )

  To our surprise, she gave up the opportunity.(to one's

  suuprise 使某人感到惊奇 give up 放弃)

  The final score is 3:5 in our favor.

  To our surprise, everything in the room is in good order.(be in good order 秩序井然)

  25. under(在……的下面)

  Some girls are singing under the trees.

  The road is under repair.(be under repair 正在修理)

  From here, we can see the bridge under construction.

  Scientists believe that they will get weather under control

  some day.(under control 在控制之中)

  The proposal is now under discussion.(proposal 提案)

  The unpopular mayor is under constant attack in the newspapers.

  26. with(和……)

  Who was that with you? 你刚才和谁在一起?

  Our teacher is strict with us.(be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求)

  My father is always patient with me.(be patient with 对某人有耐心)

  We're satisfied with our work.(be satisfied with 对……满意)

  She is discussing the idea with her tutor.

  We're familiar with each other.(be famililar with 熟悉 similiar to 相似)

  Her eyes were filled with tears.(be filled with 充满)

  He's in bed with flu.

  The ground was covered with snow.

  The street is crowded with people.(be crowed with 拥挤)

  He wanted to kill two birds with one stone.( 一举两得)

  The girl greeted me with a smile.

  The young man with glasses over there is my brother.

  What's the matter with you?

  I found the place with great difficulty.(with great difficulty费很大劲)

  It's hot outside. He was working there with only a T-shirt on.

  The girl was sitting in a chair with her hands folded.

  介词考试重点:

  除了要掌握介词与动词、名词、形容词的固定搭配外,还需牢记一个基本点即,介词后面接的是宾语,因此跟在其后面的主要是代词、名词或动名词及其词组,间或是宾语从句。

  ①I'm looking forward ____ you tomorrow.

  A.to see B. to seeing C. seeing D. see

  look forward to doing

  答案B

  ②I always arrive at the office in time, but _______ the heavy rain, I'm one hour late this morning.

  A.because B. because of C. as D. since

  because、as、since接句子

  答案B

  ③This weekly schedule will make you more aware of how you spend your time.

  aware of意识到

  ④I'll speak to him about it.

  speak to sb. 对某人谈话

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